Aviation has a major contribution to countries’ business activity, so often one of the indicators of economic growth. The development of aviation, with the improvement of cultural and social services, the expansion of economic activities, increasing the level of regional employment and tourism development today has progressed more tangible. Air transportation development not only depends on natural, economic and social factors. But political, legal, financial and executive decisions play a decisive role.
For this reason, reviewing the laws and eliminating many administrative restrictive regulations has always been one of the factors expanded the activities of the airline company around the world. Now the speed of changes and progress of airline technology with the development of airline industry technology is inevitable in infrastructure planning.
Definition of aviation:
Aviation of goods or cargo (which are commercial shipments), with special aircraft such as: Balga or Antonph 225 giant aircraft are sent from country to destination country. To fully understand the transportation of commercial goods, and carrying passengers, you should be familiar with the difference between two concepts of cargo and ferrite.
What is the difference between the load and the cargo in the aviation of goods?
People who intend to migrate or long-term travel to other countries can send their loads and supplies using ferrite companies and aircraft to the destination, in terms of these types of times that do not have the nature of the business, And they are a private load, ferrite is said. At the opposite of the worker in aviation, it is said to move commercial goods between different countries, transmitted by proprietary planes. As a result, the loads that are given by traders to airline companies are different from the ferrite load of passengers.
Restriction of air transportation hazardous goods:
Hazardous goods are called items and materials, which endanger the health of the aircraft. Carrying such items according to the Guidelines of the International Airlines Organization (ICAO) and the Airline Companies Association (YATA). Materials and hazardous materials should be packed based on the specific and international conductive conditions of air transportation, and this package should be high quality and reliable structure and in order to prevent snap and leakage in conditions of temperature and humidity, pressure, pressure And vibration took place. Each package must have an appropriate label, and it has a proper format. And symptoms like an international number for hazardous materials UN NUMBER. Commercial, which requests a hazardous commodity and DGR, which will refuse to airline companies in origin to carry them.
The merchant is required to provide international documents for air transportation:
Certificate For Safe Transport of Goods
Certificate of Origin
Material Safety Data Sheet
Definition of Airport and Air Import:
The procurement of the clearance of imported goods, as well as the issuance of goods from the country, based on the Customs Act and its executive law, is subject to regulating customs express and surrender to customs. The declaration is required to make the necessary documents such as the purchase log, the certificate of origin, bank documents and other licenses required by the regulations and rules of the relevant laws. All goods that are moved by the customs of the country of origin to abroad, or vice versa by aircraft, exports and imports of air. We know more about exporting and importing commercial goods in the international arena.
Export and imported goods are divided into three categories:
Authorized goods: goods that are issued by issuing criteria do not need to acquire permission.
Contingent goods: goods whose exports and imports need government organs permit. (Such as books and publications and bars and artistic artworks)
Forbidden goods Al-Sadu: A commodity that is prohibited by lawyer or by law.
Definition of export and imports of commodity:
Exports and import types of goods from the country of origin to other countries are called definite exports to sell or consume. In general, export is exempted from payment and customs duties and taxes. Customs and airport ceremonial costs include air export. These costs include drainage and loading, health worksheet (if needed), warehouses, testing, and more.
For export and imports of customs, the customs of the country owners must have the following documents:
The grip bill that the goods are delivered in the customs.
Original and copy of the business card
In case of requirement for issuing goods (for conditional goods)
Health Certificate (Food and Agriculture)
Invoice for export sales (INVOICE)
The principle of the lawyer of the letter from the issuer (if needed)
Introducing the official letter of the owner of goods
Other documents (according to customs recognition, for example, laboratory analysis)
Export statements (online or in-person) who are prepared by the customs of the Islamic Republic should be set up:
After being evaluated by the customs officer and confirmation of an export statement, customs duties or customs licenses are issued by the Customs of the Islamic Republic of Iran, which is the official license to export your goods. The issuer should be referred to the company’s office at the airport and completed the announcement of the Ambassadors, so that your bill will be issued as soon as possible. After paying the exporter shipping fee, he must refer to one of the company personnel along with the principle of the bill and tags to the Barford Warehouse. After committing protection and X Ray, your cargo sender sticks the load tags on the boxes. Your time is ready for the airline reservation, and according to your request, you will be sent to the first flight and as soon as possible.
Imported Statement Steps:
Log in goods owner
Acceptance of the owner of goods by Air Customs
Pay customs fees and clearance
Definition of Air Freight Forwarder:
To carry out the operation and management of an international aviation line, it needs a boreberry, which will continue to define the bore and its important tasks. Airbarberry is also the same person who has a position and representation of a line, and should be members of Yata (YATA). Built-in work in terms of combining and collecting multiple shipments, and turning it into a shipment, for delivery to the airline. For this reason, he also calls consolidator.
Service and tasks of a Sumary of Agent’s FUNCTIONS:
Providing advice, towards export shipments and how to carry their air to customers
Create the necessary facilities for receiving cargo, and deliver it to the airline
Setting the shipping documents, from the shipping line, completing the warrant, designation, and shipping costs, and document control because the invoice and the seller’s business
Ensuring that proper packaging confirmation, for carrying special and dangerous shipments, is provided by the sender, according to YATA regulations, and surrender to the line
Arrange the arrangement of transport and reservation for shipping, setting and communicating time plan to airline line
Supply of insurance coverage, in terms of customer request, to pay the feefine by him
The combination of load is one of the most important things that a boreberry can carry on air carriers. Using this method, which is a brewer, collect separate shipments, from various senders, then packed them in one or more air containers, and turns into a larger unit of load, which is due to weight gain and volume Load, tariff rates, relatively, less, and boreberry from the advantage of the fare of carrying, more profits for their own
Borfarberer can also provide services due to various airline lines, and information about various flight programs, providing services such as warehouse transport to the warehouse, or home to Door.